JKBOSE Class 10th Science PDF Notes - Physics Chemistry Biology

JKBOSE Class 10th Science Notes

JKBOSE Class 10th Science Notes PDF Download. If you are the students of Jammu and Kashmir and are looking for important questions and Notes of Science Subject then you are at right place. Get JKBOSE important Study Materials Notes of all the subjects for Class 10th in this site but in this article we will provide you Science Notes for Class 10th. So keep visiting and get the free and best notes.

JKBOSE Class 10th Science Notes

JKBOSE Class 10th Physics PDF Notes

Learn Some Definations from Physics  

Force: When anything is pushed or pulled, it may move, change direction, or deform as a result.

Motion: Motion is the gradual change in an object's position.

Speed: Speed is how quickly an object travels a predetermined distance in a predetermined amount of time.

Velocity: The rate of an object moving in a particular direction.

Acceleration: The rate at which an object's velocity changes over time is known as acceleration.

Gravity: Gravity is the attraction between two mass-containing objects. Both the motion of heavenly bodies and anything falling to the ground are caused by it.

Friction: The force that opposes motion between two surfaces in contact is known as friction.

Work: Work is the measurement of energy transfer that takes place when an object is subjected to a force and moves in that direction.

Energy: Energy is the ability to labour or bring about change.

Power: The speed at which energy is transported or task is completed.

Light: Electromagnetic radiation that can be seen by the human eye is known as light.

Reflection: The act of light rebounding back off an object's surface.

Refraction: The bending of light as it travels through different media.

Sound: A sort of energy that is created by vibrations and moves through a medium, such as air, water, or solids, is known as sound.

Current: The movement of electric charge via a conductor is known as electric current.

Magnetism: Magnetism is the ability of some materials to pull or pull away from other materials.

Electrical Motor: A machine that transforms electrical energy into mechanical energy is an electric motor.

Electrical Generator: A machine that transforms mechanical energy into electrical energy is an electric generator.

Renewable Energy: It is energy produced from naturally replenishable sources like sunshine, wind, and water.

Non-Renewable Energy: Energy that is not easily replenishable, such as fossil fuels (coal, oil, and natural gas), is referred to as non-renewable energy.

Magnet: An item or substance that generates a magnetic field and has the power to draw certain metals to it.

Magnetic Field: The area around a magnet where its magnetic force may be felt is known as the magnetic field.

Electrical Circuit: A closed electrical circuit is a channel through which current flows.

Ohm's Law: The equation V = I R describes the relationship between voltage (V), current (I), and resistance (R) in an electric circuit.

Voltage: It is the electric potential difference, expressed in volts (V), between any two points in an electric circuit.

Resistance: A material or component's ability to resist the flow of electric current is called resistance and is measured in ohms .

Series Circiut: The term "series circuit" refers to an electric circuit in which the parts are wired in succession, creating a single path for current flow.

Paralal Circuit: A parallel circuit is an electric circuit in which the parts are connected across several branches, offering the current flow numerous pathways.

Magnetic Induction: When a magnetic material is exposed to a magnetic field, the process by which it becomes magnetised is known as magnetic induction.

Electromagnetic Spectrum: The electromagnetic spectrum includes radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible light, ultraviolet, X-rays, and gamma rays, among other frequencies of electromagnetic radiation.

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JKBOSE Class 10th Chemistry PDF Notes

What You Learn from Chemistry Notes

Class 10th Chemistry is a key topic that introduces students to basic chemistry principles and concepts. It is an important step in a student's academic career since it builds the groundwork for advanced chemistry courses in higher grades. This subject is largely concerned with developing an understanding of matter's composition, structure, qualities, and changes.

Students in 10th grade Chemistry learn about atoms, molecules, elements, compounds, chemical reactions, acids, bases, salts, metals, nonmetals, and carbon compounds, among other things. They dig into the periodic table, which organises elements in a methodical manner depending on their properties.

The curriculum emphasises both academic and practical knowledge. Students learn about the scientific process and how to conduct experiments, make observations, collect data, and draw conclusions. They also look at how chemistry is used in everyday life, industry, and environmental challenges.

Chemistry in 10th grade aims to strengthen students' critical thinking, problem-solving, and analytical skills. It teaches children to look at the world through a chemical lens and recognise the interconnectivity of numerous chemical events.

Students are well-prepared for advanced chemistry courses in higher grades, where they delve deeper into difficult concepts and explore specialised areas of chemistry such as organic chemistry, inorganic chemistry, and physical chemistry, with a good understanding of class 10th Chemistry.

Overall, class 10th Chemistry gives students a solid foundation in the discipline of chemistry, allowing them to appreciate the relevance of chemistry in our daily lives and pursue future studies or employment in scientific fields.

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JKBOSE Class 10th Biology PDF Notes

What You Learn from Biology Notes

Cell structure and function: Understand the structure and functions of cells, including cell organelle, cell division, and cell theory Genetics and Heredity: Learn about Mendelian inheritance, theory of inheritance, genetic disorders and DNA replication 

Evolution: Study the concept of evolution, natural selection, evidence for evolution, and theories proposed by scientists such as Charles Darwin 

Human Health and Disease: Explore topics related to human health, common diseases, immunity, prevention and control measures 

Reproduction: Understand human reproductive, reproductive health, methods of reproduction in plants and animals, and the menstrual cycle 

Ecology: Learn about ecosystems, food chains, food webs, energy flows, biodiversity and conservation of natural resources Control and coordination: Study the role of the nervous system, endocrine system, reflex actions and hormones in the human body Plant Physiology: Explore topics such as photosynthesis, respiration, transport to plants and plant hormones 

Microorganisms: Understand the characteristics, types and beneficial harmful effects of microorganisms 

Biotechnology: Learn about the applications of biotechnology in agriculture, medicine, genetic engineering, and the role of biotechnology in improving human life It is important to note that specific courses may vary depending on the educational board or institution Please consult your textbook or syllabus for the exact topics covered in your Class 10th Biology course.

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All the units of JKBOSE Class 10th Science Notes are given above with PDF file. You can download the notes from the above section according to your need.

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Important Questions from JKBOSE Class 10th Science

What is the difference between a mixture and a compound?

A mixture is made up of two or more substances that are not chemically combined while a compound is made up of two or more elements that are chemically combined.

What is the main function of the stomata in a leaf?

The main function of the stomata in a leaf is to allow for the exchange of gases such as carbon dioxide and oxygen during photosynthesis and respiration.

What is the difference between a chemical change and a physical change?

A chemical change involves a change in the chemical composition of a substance while a physical change does not involve a change in the chemical composition.

What is the difference between a heterotroph and an autotroph?

Heterotrophs are organisms that obtain their energy and nutrients by consuming other organisms while autotrophs are organisms that produce their own food through processes such as photosynthesis or chemosynthesis.

What is the difference between a saturated and an unsaturated solution?

A saturated solution is a solution that contains the maximum amount of solute that can be dissolved at a given temperature and pressure while an unsaturated solution is a solution that contains less solute than a saturated solution.

What is the difference between mitosis and meiosis?

Mitosis is the process of cell division that results in the formation of two identical daughter cells each with the same number of chromosomes as the parent cell. Meiosis is the process of cell division that results in the formation of four genetically diverse daughter cells each with half the number of chromosomes as the parent cell.

What is the difference between a renewable and non-renewable resource?

Renewable resources are resources that can be replenished over time such as solar and wind energy while non-renewable resources are resources that will eventually run out such as fossil fuels.

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