JKBOSE Class 10th Geography PDF Notes Download- JKBOSE NOTES

JKBOSE Class 10th Geography Notes 

JKBOSE Class 10th Geography PDF Notes Download. Get the important notes of JKBOSE Class 10th Geography and important question as related to Geography subject. if you are the student of 10th Class and are looking for Geography notes then you are at the right place. Get these important notice free of cost. Choose the unit below and get the complate notes with Downloaded PDF.

JKBOSE Class 10th Geography PDF Notes

Download Unitwise PDF Notes for JKBOSE Class 10th Student

Learning Objectives of JKBOSE Class 10th Geography Subject

  • Understand the different types of resources and their importance in society.
  • Learn about the development and management of resources including resource planning in India.
  • Study India's land resources including land use and land use patterns.
  • Understand issues related to land degradation and conservation measures to preserve it.
  • Learn about soil as a resource including soil classification and soil erosion and conservation.
  • Study biodiversity or biological diversity, including flora and fauna and conservation efforts in India.
  • Understand the importance of forests and wildlife, including community and conservation efforts.
  • Learn about water scarcity and multi-purpose river projects and the need for conservation and management, including integrated water resources management.
  • Study a variety of farming and crop patterns, including the impact of globalization on agriculture.
  • Understand the importance of minerals, including events and conservation efforts.
  • Learn about energy resources, including traditional and non-traditional sources and conservation efforts.
  • Study the importance of manufacturing and its contribution to the national economy, including industrial space and classification.
  • Understand issues related to industrial pollution and environmental degradation and control measures.
  • Learn about various modes of transport and communication, including international trade and tourism as trade. 

JKBOSE Class 10th Geography Important Questions

What is the difference between weather and climate?

Answer: Weather refers to the atmospheric conditions of a specific location at a particular time, including temperature, humidity, rainfall, wind speed, etc. Climate, on the other hand, in a specific region, usually refers to the average weather pattern observed over a long period of 30 years or more.

Explain the concept of natural vegetation and its importance.

Answer: Natural vegetation refers to plant cover that grows naturally in a particular area without human intervention. This includes forests, grasslands, shrubs etc. Natural vegetation is important because it maintains ecological balance, conserves biodiversity, regulates climate, prevents soil erosion, provides habitat to wildlife and timber, Helps offer various resources like medicinal plants etc.

Describe the major landforms of the Earth.

Answer: Earth's major landforms include mountains, plateaus, plains, valleys, deserts and coastal areas. The mountains are high terrain with steep slopes and high elevation. Plateau are flat-topped high areas. The plains are low or low-lying landscapes with a gradual slope. The valleys extend into the lowlands between the mountains or the hills. Deserts are arid regions with very little vegetation. Coastal areas are areas where the land meets the sea.

What are the different types of forests found in India?

Answer: India is home to a wide variety of forests, including tropical evergreen forests, tropical deciduous forests, thorny shrubs, montane forests, and mangrove forests. Tropical evergreen forests are dense forests found in the western ghats and western slopes of the northeastern states. Tropical deciduous forests are found in areas with a distinct dry season. Barbed shrubs are found in arid and semi-arid regions. Mountain forests are found at higher elevations in the Himalayan region. Mangrove forests are found in saltwater coastal areas.

Explain the causes and effects of earthquakes.

Answer: Earthquakes are caused by the sudden release of energy into the Earth's crust, causing seismic waves.  The primary causes of earthquakes are tectonic plate movements, volcanic activity, and human-induced activities such as mining or reservoir-induced earthquakes. Earthquake effects can be devastating, including ground shaking, displacement of the Earth's surface, landslides, tsunamis ( if under the sea ), Destruction of buildings and infrastructure and loss of life are included.

Discuss the major causes and consequences of air pollution.

Answer: Air pollution results from the release of harmful substances into the atmosphere. Major reasons include industrial emissions, vehicle exhaust, burning of fossil fuels, agricultural activities and construction activities. Respiratory problems, heart disease, loss of visibility, acid rain, depletion of ozone layer, global warming and plants, among the consequences of air pollution, Negative effects on animals and ecosystems are included .

Describe the different types of farming practices in India.

Answer: In India, a variety of farming practices are followed, including subsistence farming, commercial farming, intensive farming, and organic farming. Subsistence farming is mainly for self-consumption with small holdings. Commercial farming focuses on the production of crops for sale in the market or the rearing of livestock. Intensive farming involves high inputs of capital, labor and technology to maximize production. Organic farming emphasizes the use of natural fertilizers and pest control methods without the use of synthetic chemicals.

Explain the process of water cycle.

Answer: The water cycle, also known as the hydrology cycle, is the constant speed of water up and down the surface of the Earth. It involves several processes: evaporation, condensation, precipitation, infiltration, runoff and transpiration. Water from the surface of the Earth evaporates due to heat from the Sun, forms clouds through condensation, and precipitation ( rain, ice, Ole or Ole falls back to Earth as ). Rainfall either infiltrates the ground, becomes surface runoff, or is taken by plants and released back into the atmosphere via transpiration.

Discuss the major factors influencing the climate of India.

Answer: India's climate is affected by many factors. Major factors include latitude, elevation, distance to sea, direction of prevailing winds, presence of mountain ranges and ocean currents. India's location near the equator results in tropical climates, but variations occur due to the effects of the Himalayas, Thar Desert, the Indian Ocean, and monsoon winds.

What are the different types of soil erosion and their prevention methods.

Answer: Soil erosion can occur through various processes, including water erosion, wind erosion, and human-induced erosion. Water erosion occurs through rainwater runoff, causing sheet erosion, ril erosion, and melting erosion. Air erosion occurs when strong winds take away loose particles of soil. Human-induced erosion arises from deforestation, unfair agricultural practices, and construction activities. Prevention methods include afforestation, contour tillage, roof cultivation, windbreak, proper irrigation techniques and soil conservation measures such as contour dams and check dams.

FAQs on JKBOSE Class 10th Geography

What are the biotic and abiotic resources?

Biotic resources are living organisms or parts of living organisms that can be used as a source of materials or energy. Examples include plants animals and microorganisms.
Abiotic resources are non-living physical and chemical elements or compounds that can be used as a source of materials or energy. Examples include water minerals and fossil fuels.

Why is biodiversity important for human lives?

Biodiversity is important for human lives for several reasons:

Ecological Services: Biodiversity provides important ecological services such as pollination pest control and soil formation that are vital for human survival.

Food: Biodiversity provides a wide variety of food sources for humans including fruits vegetables nuts and meat.

Medicine: Many plant and animal species have medicinal properties that are used to treat a variety of human illnesses.

Cultural and recreational value: Biodiversity provides cultural aesthetic and recreational value that enriches human lives.

Climate regulation: Biodiversity plays an important role in regulating the Earth's climate which is essential for human survival.

Economic value: Biodiversity also provides significant economic value through industries such as tourism recreation and natural resources management.

What are the Impact of Globalization on Agriculture?

Globalization has had a significant impact on agriculture in many ways. One of the most notable effects has been the increased integration of global markets for agricultural products. This has led to increased competition between farmers and agribusinesses around the world as well as increased demand for certain types of crops and livestock.

Another major impact of globalization on agriculture has been the increased use of technology and mechanization. This has led to increased productivity and efficiency in many areas of agriculture but has also led to concerns about the impact of large-scale farming on the environment and rural communities.

Globalization has also had a significant impact on the way that food is produced distributed and consumed. This has led to increased access to a wide variety of foods from around the world but has also led to concerns about the safety and quality of these foods.

What is Non-Conventional Sources of Energy?

Non-conventional sources of energy are alternative forms of energy that are not derived from fossil fuels such as coal oil and natural gas. These sources include renewable energy sources such as solar wind hydro geothermal and biomass as well as nuclear energy. They are considered non-conventional because they are not as widely used or as well-established as traditional fossil fuel sources but they have the potential to play a significant role in meeting future energy needs while reducing dependence on fossil fuels and mitigating the impacts of climate change.

What is Conventional Sources of Energy?

Conventional sources of energy refer to the traditional methods of generating power such as coal natural gas oil and nuclear power. These sources have been in use for decades and are considered to be reliable and well-established. They are also the primary sources of energy for most countries providing the majority of the electricity used by households and businesses. However they have significant environmental and economic impacts including air pollution greenhouse gas emissions and dependence on non-renewable resources.

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