JKBOSE Class 12th Chemistry Notes
Download PDF Notes JKBOSE Class 12th Physics
- Unit- 1 Solid State
- Unit- 2 Solutions
- Unit- 3 Electrochemistry
- Unit- 4 Chemical Kinetics
- Unit- 5 Surface Chemistry
- Unit- 6 General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
- Unit- 7 p-Block Elements
- Unit- 8 d- and f- Block Elements
- Unit- 9 Coordination Compounds
- Unit- 10 Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
- Unit- 11 Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
- Unit- 12 Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
- Unit- 13 Organic Compounds containing Nitrogen
- Unit- 14 Biomolecules
- Unit- 15 Polymers
- Unit- 16 Chemistry in Everyday Life
JKBOSE Class 12th Chemistry Notes Study Material Notes
- Classification of solids based on different factors
- Crystal lattice structures
- Imperfections in solids
- Electrical, Magnetic and optical properties of solids
- Band theory of solids and conductors, Insulators and Semiconductors
- Types of solutions
- Concentration units
- Colligative properties
- Henrys law and Raoults law
- Factors affecting solubility
- Ideal and non-ideal solutions
- Electrochemical cells and their components
- Redox reactions and half-cell reactions
- Standard electrode potentials and the electrochemical series
- Nernst equation and its applications
- Conductance and conductivity
- Electrolysis and Faraday's laws
- Corrosion and methods of prevention
- Rate of chemical reactions
- Rate law and rate constant
- Order and molecularity of reactions
- Factors affecting reaction rate
- Integrated rate laws and half-life
- Collision theory and activation energy
- Arrhenius equation
- Concept of reaction mechanisms
- Factors affecting adsorption
- Catalysis and types of catalysts
- Enzymes and their role in biological catalysis
- Colloids and their properties
- Emulsions, Micelles and Surfactants
- Applications of colloids in daily life
- Occurrence and extraction of metals
- Principles of metallurgical operations
- Refining of metals
- Electrochemical principles in metal extraction
- Occurrence and extraction of non-metals
- Environmental aspects of metal extraction
- Group-wise study of p-block elements
- General properties and trends in properties
- Anomalous properties of the second period elements
- Important compounds and uses of p-block elements
- Preparation and properties of some important compounds
- Study of transition elements and inner transition elements
- Electronic configuration and periodic trends in properties
- Complex formation and coordination compounds
- Color and magnetic properties of transition metal complexes
- Important compounds and applications of transition metals
- Lanthanides and actinides and their unique characteristics
- Coordination bonding and Werner's coordination theory
- Nomenclature and isomerism in coordination compounds
- Bonding theories
- Stability constants and factors influencing stability
- Haloalkanes are organic compounds that contain halogen atoms
- Haloarenes are aromatic compounds that contain halogen atoms
- Learn about the nomenclature and classification of haloalkanes and haloarenes.
- Understand the methods for the preparation of haloalkanes and haloarenes.
- Study the physical and chemical properties of haloalkanes and haloarenes.
- Learn about the reactions involving haloalkanes and haloarenes such as nucleophilic substitution, elimination and coupling reactions.
- Alcohols are organic compounds that contain a hydroxyl (-OH) functional group attached to a carbon atom.
- Phenols are aromatic compounds that contain a hydroxyl (-OH) group attached directly to an aromatic ring.
- Ethers are organic compounds that have an oxygen atom bonded to two carbon atoms.
- Study the nomenclature and classification of alcohols, phenols and ethers.
- Understand the methods for the preparation of alcohols, phenols and ethers.
- Learn about the physical and chemical properties of alcohols, phenols and ethers.
- Explore the reactions involving alcohols, phenols and ethers
- Aldehydes and ketones are organic compounds that contain a carbonyl group (C=O).
- Aldehydes have the carbonyl group at the end of a carbon chain while ketones have it in the middle.
- Carboxylic acids are organic compounds that contain a carboxyl group (-COOH).
- Learn about the nomenclature and classification of aldehydes, ketones and carboxylic acids.
- Understand the methods for the preparation of aldehydes, ketones and carboxylic acids.
- Study the physical and chemical properties of aldehydes, ketones and carboxylic acids.
- Explore the reactions involving aldehydes, ketones and carboxylic acids such as oxidation, reduction, and esterification.
- Organic compounds containing nitrogen include amines, nitro compounds and cyanides.
- Amines are organic derivatives of ammonia (NH3) in which one or more hydrogen atoms are replaced by alkyl or aryl groups.
- Nitro compounds contain the nitro functional group (-NO2).
- Cyanides contain the cyanide functional group (-CN).
- Learn about the nomenclature and classification of amines, nitro compounds and cyanides.
- Understand the methods for the preparation of amines, nitro compounds and cyanides.
- Study the physical and chemical properties of these compounds.
- Explore the reactions involving amines, nitro compounds and cyanides.
- Biomolecules are organic compounds that are essential for life processes in living organisms.
- Major classes of biomolecules include carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and nucleic acids.
- Learn about the structure, classification and functions of biomolecules.
- Understand the role of carbohydrates in energy storage and structural support.
- Study the structure and functions of proteins and their importance in various biological
JKBOSE Class 12th All Subject Notes
JKBOSE Class 12th Physics Important FAQs Questions
What is the difference between crystalline and amorphous solids?
Crystalline solids have a well-defined and ordered arrangement of atoms or molecules, while amorphous solids lack a regular structure.
What is the difference between a saturated and unsaturated solution?
A saturated solution contains the maximum amount of solute that can dissolve at a given temperature while an unsaturated solution can dissolve more solute.
What is the process of electrolysis used for?
Electrolysis is used to extract metals from their ores or purify them by passing an electric current through a molten compound or an electrolyte solution.
What is the importance of transition metals?
Transition metals have unique properties such as variable oxidation states and the ability to form complex compounds which make them useful in various applications including catalysis and electronics.
What is the difference between amines and amides?
Amines are organic compounds derived from ammonia (NH3) by replacing one or more hydrogen atoms with alkyl or aryl groups while amides are derived from carboxylic acids by replacing the -OH group with an amino group.